We all have been staying on a planet known as mother earth which is surrounded by natural resources all around and our life is stringed to it
What is natural resource?
The soil, water and vegetation are the three of the primitive natural resource. This are the assets upon which all the living beings sustains.
In a broader specturm land, water, biodiversity and genetic resources, biomass resources, forests, livestock, fisheries, wild flora and fauna are considered as natural resources.
Now the query is are we completely aware of the natural resource and implementing correct measures to safegaurd it.
The process of safegaurding the natural resource is known as natural resource management
Natural Resources Management (NRM) alludes to the maintainable usage of real normal assets, for example land, water, air,
minerals, timberlands, fisheries, and wild widely varied vegetation.
Together, these assets give the biological system benefits that support human life.
The overexploitation of population is leading towards the destruction of natural resource to a greater extent giving birth to severe problems. Destruction of vegetation has brought about land debasement, denudation, soil disintegration, avalanches, surges, dry season and lopsided biological systems. A balance in this has been an alarming call.
Amid the old time frame, Garhwal Himalaya was loaded with thick timberland and rich green vegetation. The Himalaya is the enduring wellspring of water for waterways, streams, and repositories. Without a doubt, nature deals with its assets through the common process over some undefined time frame, what’s more, looks after them. Yet, the ever-increasing populace, formative exercises and innovative modernization have over-exploited accessible assets without thinking about the harm and ramifications for coming ages. Vegetation assumes an imperative job in securing area and water. These assets are being exhausted at a disturbing rate due to human mediation. Corruption and pulverization of timberland cover in the Himalaya is straightforwardly in charge of the denudation of watersheds. Without vegetative ground cover, amid the storm water comes down to the fields unchecked. Sudden swelling of streams, streak surges in the slopes and serious surges in the fields and dry spell in upstream territories are the results.
The descending surge of water has huge erosive power and moves a great many huge amounts of rich soil amid the stormy season. It causes different types of disintegration and also crushing avalanches in the Himalaya. Formative exercises, development of streets, extraction of building material and mining, and so forth., are a consistent danger. Bared slopes and different badlands present major issues which antagonistically influence horticulture and human life in the district. Avalanches and landslips square slope streets and accuse floods of overwhelming dregs loads. The dirt disintegration occurring crosses the admissible furthest reaches of 4.5 to 11.5 tons/ha commonly, causing siltation in the downstream and last outcome is extreme hydro metrological disarranges like surge and dry season in the states reliant on those Himalayan Rivers.
Natural Resource Management (NRM) goes for the efﬁcient and manageable usage of inexhaustible and non-sustainable natural assets
Fine management of natural resource generates benefits that contribute the ground for maintaining and improving livelihoods, improve the quality of activity and benefits the continual prosperity. Horticulture cultivation mainly depends on the quality of the soil. The higher the soil fertilized the more output is in cultivation. Water is necessary for sustaining human populations and, indeed, all species. It is also a key in absorption agricultural and industrial production and processing as well as an important overturn for discharging waste.
Biodiversity empower animal and crop development programmes that maintain and increase productivity. Properly administered natural resources provide an essential foundation for reducing poverty and promoting sustainable growth.
However, the combined effects of population growth, higher levels of economic activity per capita, and mismanagement are putting increasing pressure on the natural resource base.
So we need to start taking care of maintaining the natural resources so that it does not affect our future and help in sustaining the livelihood
SUVIDHA abbreviated as Society for the Upliftment of Villagers & Development of Himalayan Areas is a non-profit, rural development and the voluntary organization has been working for sustainable management of natural resources, educating the farmers and women empowerment in rural areas of India.
The below is the programmes that have been carried out for natural resource management
- Preparation of Detail Project Report (DPR), GPWDP(Gram Panchayat Watershed Development Programme) in Almora, Uttarakhand where it made an impression in 2500 households
- Preparation of Detail Project Report (DPR), GPWDP(Gram Panchayat Watershed Development Programme) in Bageshwar, Uttarakhand making an impression in 2576 households
- Detailed Project Report Gram Panchayat Watershed Development Program Micro Planning making an impression in 5916 households
- BCRLIP, Microplan for villages making an impression in 3780 households
- Detailed Project Report Gram Panchayat Watershed Development Program Micro Planning covering 5316 households
- BMC (Biodiversity Management Committee), Documentation of Flora and Fauna Documentation of Traditional Practices from local herbs
Preparation of People’s Biodiversity Register in Nainital and Pithoragarh covering 228 households
For more info please visit Suvidha NGO website