With the developing conversion of the Internet of Thing (IoT), linked devices have drilled every form of our life, from home automation , fitness to smart cities and industrial IoT.
Thus it is relevant that IoT would take its position and application in agriculture also in order to boost up production, carry out inspection and measuring the same and executing solutions whenever required.
Cultivation has observed a statistic of the technological revolution in the last decades, becoming more industrialized and automation-driven. By application of diversified smart agriculture gadgets, farmers have achieved better authority over the development of raising livestock and boosting up crops, making it more calculable and improving its efficiency.
Now, What Is Smart Cultivation ?
There are various ways to refer to modern agriculture. For an example, AgriTech attribute to the utilization of technology in agriculture in the commonplace.
Smart agriculture, on the other hand, is mostly used to denote the application of IoT solutions in cultivation. The same cover to the smart farming definition.
The farming industry will become believably more vital than ever as compared to past in the coming few decades.
The planet will need to generate 70% more food in 2050 than it did in 2006 in order to feed the thriving population of the Earth, according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. To fulfill this want, cultivator and agricultural companies are turning to the Internet of Things for analytics and greater production efficiency.
The IoT is set to leverage the future of cultivation to the next level. Smart agriculture is already becoming more customary among farmers, and high tech farming is quickly becoming the run-of-the-mill
Farmers can deploy usage of some high tech farming techniques and technologies in order to improve the productivity of their routine work. For example, sensors integrated into fields can permit farmers to obtain accurate maps of both the topography and resources in the area, as well as variables such as acidity and temperature of the soil. Farmers can also collect information on climate forecasts to anticipate weather patterns in the coming days and weeks.
Farmers can make use of their smartphones to remotely audit their equipment, crops, and livestock, as well as obtain stats on their livestock feeding and produce. They can utilize this technology to drive statistical predictions for their crops and livestock.
In conditions of natural issues, IoT-based smart farming can arrange great benefits including more adequate water usage, or expansions of inputs and treatments. Now, let’s review the major applications of IoT-based smart farming that are revolutionizing cultivation
It is the method of cultivating in more controlled and accurate when it comes to the authenticating method of upraising livestock and growing of crops. In this way of farm management, a key fundamental is the usage of IT and various items like sensors, control systems, robotics, autonomous vehicles, automated hardware, variable rate technology, and so on.
The enactment of access to high-speed internet, mobile devices, and reliable, low-cost satellites (for imagery and positioning) by the producer are few key technologies characterizing the precision agriculture direction.
Technology has alternated over time and agricultural drones are a very superior example of this. Today, agriculture is one of the leading industries to incorporate drones. Drones are being used in agriculture in order to augment various agricultural practices. The ways ground-based and aerial-based drones are being used in cultivation are crop health assessment, irrigation, crop monitoring, crop spraying, planting, and soil and field reasoning.
The major prosperity of using drones include crop health imaging, integrated GIS mapping, ease of use, saves time, and the potential to increase yields. With strategy and planning based on real-time data collection and processing, the drone technology will give a high-tech reshaping to the agriculture industry.
Huge farm owners can use wireless IoT applications to gather data regarding the location, well-being, and health of their cattle. This information helps them in denoting animals that are sick so they can be separated from the herd, thereby preventing the spread of disease. It also decreases labor costs as ranchers can locate their cattle with the help of IoT based sensors.
Greenhouse farming is a methodology that helps in boosting the yield of vegetables, fruits, crops etc. Greenhouses control the environmental parameters through manual mediation or a proportional control mechanism. As manual mediation results in production loss, energy loss, and labor cost, these methods are less effective. A smart greenhouse can be structured with the help of IoT; this design intelligently monitors as well as controls the climate, dispose of the need for manual intervention.
For controlling the nature in a smart greenhouse, different sensors that measure the environmental parameters according to the plant requirement are used. We can develop a cloud server for remotely accessing the system when it is connected using IoT.
Thus, the IoT agricultural applications are building it possible for ranchers and farmers to gather meaningful data. Large landowners and small farmers must understand the possibility of IoT market for agriculture by installing smart technologies to boost competitiveness and sustainability in their output. The demand for the rising population can be successfully met if the ranchers, as well as small farmers, implement agricultural IoT solutions in a fruitful manner.