Empower a woman to empower the next generation.

The subject of strengthening of ladies has turned into a consuming issue everywhere throughout the world including India since the most recent couple of decades. The job of ladies in India has dependably been far more prominent than its societal definition which is only a perfect representation of the general inclination encompassing sex. Ladies, alongside being the social draftsmen of our social fiber, have played real supporters of the monetary advancement of the country. The opportunity has already come and gone that we comprehend and recognize the significance of ladies, and give them a domain which is both physically and candidly secure to work and live in.

Imbalances among people and oppression ladies have likewise been age-old issues everywhere throughout the world. Along these lines, ladies’ journey for fairness with man is an all-inclusive wonder. What exists for men is requested by ladies?

They have requested uniformity with men in issues of instruction, business, legacy, marriage, governmental issues and as of late in the field of religion additionally to fill in as a priest. Ladies need to have for themselves similar methodologies of progress which menfolk have had throughout the hundreds of years, for example, measure up to pay for equivalent work. Their journey for correspondence has brought forth the arrangement of numerous ladies’ affiliations and propelling of developments

Long periods of holding under spreads the narratives of attack and its joined results presented to us no great. Possibly it is time that we get rid of the blindfolds and take a gander at things as they are with the goal that the genuine fix work can be begun.

As somebody broadly stated, “When a blossom doesn’t sprout, you settle the earth in which it develops, not the bloom.”

Villages, the repositories of culture and custom in our nation, happen to be the central purposes of female mistreatment. The young lady experiencing childhood in a provincial setup is socially molded to figure herself mediocre compared to her male partner and this is ripped off of the basic feeling of uniformity at an extremely youthful age. The young lady tyke is requested to carry on in a ‘girly’ way, which regularly converts into keeping up a bashful, calm disposition. From her garments to her conduct to her training, all is customized by the general public with the sharp scissors of conservatism. Furthermore, such a kid, who lives under the strict observation of her family, regularly grows up preposterous and ignorant of her fundamental rights as a person.

On the off chance that we investigate the monetary status of country ladies, we locate that a large portion of them are reliant on the male individuals from their family for their money-related prerequisites. This excessively makes them powerless, making it impossible to maltreatment as financial hardship. They are viewed as wards and peons who ‘owe’ their lives to their spouses. Additionally, they are to a great extent seen as home-producers, regardless of whether they are contributing the same amount of as their male partners in pay age exercises. No genuine ladies strengthening can happen until we as a general public, don’t dispose of the restraints against the money related autonomy of ladies. Helping rustic ladies gain a steady pay open door is only the best approach on the off chance that we need to see an enhancement in the states of ladies in India. A standard inflow of cash will help enhance the economic wellbeing of ladies inside families and networks.

SUVIDHA abbreviated as Society for the Upliftment of Villagers & Development of Himalayan Areas is a non-profit, rural development and the voluntary organization has been working for sustainable management of natural resources, educating the farmers and women empowerment in rural areas of India.

The completed projects that have been initiated by Suvidha are an example set for development of women in rural areas and exploring their potentials and strengthening themselves are given them an equivalent position in the society.

The projects completed are 

Integrating Gender and Social Equity through Handloom carried out in Almora, Uttarakhand with the outcome of 
Products from Nettle fiber and taser were made 
Products are on display and being sold at many stored of Delhi and in HHEC. 

Gender Equality through Tailoring Handloom and Handicraft carried out in Nainital, Uttarakhand with an outcome of 
Various Handloom and jute handicraft products were developed and marketed at different platforms

Ongoing projects are 

Sustainable livelihood approach for Women and Adolescent girl where more than 500 individuals are engaged in the programme where women are trained tailoring, stitching, and knitting

Kumaon food court has been set in Munsyari Block

Handloom unit has been established

Products like Gahat Soup, Mix Daal Soup and Energy bars are developed

Advertisements

AIR POLLUTION- A Peril To Active Life!

 

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is man_in_the_smog.jpg

The rampant air pollution caused by the Industries and vehicles in India has been a serious concern. There has been a drastic change in the environment.In the past a decade it has been seen that the climate which used to be earlier has tuned to be something which is not acceptable.

The emission of hazardous smokes from industries and fossil fuel has been a majorcause for change in the environment. “In November, breathing the air in New Delhi for a day was the same as smoking 50 cigarettes,”. The city isn’t the only one with polluted skies—one in nine deaths globally are now caused by air pollution, making it the world’s top environmental health risk. It’s no surprise that air pollution is a serious threat to human health. With 

every single breath, you’re breathing nth amount of air pollutants with it. 

Even the low concentration of these pollutants can damage a lot in our body.The most widely recognized impacts of air contamination are bothering of eyes, nose, and throat, low efficiency, unsteadiness, and migraines. 

There are other serious diseases like

 

Asthma

 

Over 2.8 million grown-ups and about 1.1 million kids with Asthma live in nations with unhealthful dimensions of all year air contamination.

 

Lung Cancer

 

Lung malignancy represents over 25% of all disease passings.

 

Kidney Damage

 

High PM focus influences the typical working of the kidneys and can likewise cause end-arrange renal sickness.

 

Mind Disorders

 

Drawn out introduction to air contamination could age the human 

cerebrum

 

Cardiovascular Diseases

 

Taking in high measures of dirtied air is connected to an expanded danger of heart assault and stroke.

 

Pneumonia

 

Almost a million kids pass on from pneumonia every year. Half of those are connected to air contamination.

 

Birth Defects

 

Breathing movement contamination in early pregnancy is connected to a higher hazard for certain genuine birth surrenders

 

Psychological sickness

 

Misery; nervousness; Alzheimer’s; poor scholarly execution –a portion of the things that researchers have associated with air 

contamination lately

When the air quality index is below 50, people are breathing fresh,

 clean air. People are no longer exposed to any health risk because

 the quality of air is pure.

   AIR QUALITY INDEX

Good- 0- 50

Moderate- 51-100

Poor- 101-200

Unhealthy- 201- 300

Severe- 301-400



“In November, breathing the air in New Delhi for a day was the same as


 smoking 50 cigarettes”

From an individual point of view, what would we be able to do to help diminish air conceived contamination? Straightforward things, for example, turning off lights and electrical gadgets, utilizing vitality productive globules, changing to electric vehicles, utilizing public transport and so on largely staple points of interest we are being benefited from a regular routine, just the same old thing new there

But besides this, the sensible options are to join in hand with NGO and government bodies which are fighting against it. SUVIDHA abbreviated as Society for the Upliftment of Villagers & Development of Himalayan Areas is a non-profit, rural development and the voluntary organization has been working for sustainable management of natural resources. 

 

Rainwater Harvesting

Rain Water Harvesting -Harvest rainwater to use in difficult times of drought. 

Water Conservation

Water a vital source for survival of livelihood. The average adult human body is 50-65% water. India is a house of a maximum number of the population comprising of about 63 million living in the rural areas without an access to fresh clean water. The ground level water is a scarce resource and with the increment of human population and damage to the environment, the resource is depleting continuously. Hence it is an alarming sign that we need to safeguard this resource in order to sustain the life of the future. Access to safe drinking water was declared as a human right by the United Nations but remains a challenge for urban India. As indicated by the World Water study, 31% of Indians had been in a circumstance where it was dangerous to drink water yet needed to devour it given no other decision and in this way experienced water-borne ailments, for example, loose bowels and gastroenteritisIndia_Water_tool_blog_graphics-01.png

Groundwater provides 80% of India’s drinking water and nearly two-thirds of irrigation needs. Over the last four decades, around 84% of the total addition to irrigation has come from groundwater. Moreover, 60% of India’s districts face groundwater over-exploitation and/or serious quality issues. In fact, 11% of the rural water supply is based on groundwater.

Now, as it is said that it has been an alarming sign that with the increase in population, more and more fresh water is the need for human life sustainability and irrigation we have to think for an alternative source of producing clean water.

And one of the best alternatives is Rain Water Harvesting.

blog-rain-water-harvesting-1

What is Rain Harvesting?

The reaping of water just includes the gathering of water from surfaces on which rain falls and consequently putting away this water for later utilize. Typically water is gathered from the tops of structures and put away in water tanks.

Artificial revive to groundwater is a procedure by which the groundwater supply is augmented at a rate surpassing that under regular states of recharging. The gathered water is put away and drew in a different pipe circulation. This is an exceptionally helpful strategy for a creating nation like India in decreasing the expense and the interest of treated water and furthermore conserving the treatment plants task, upkeep, and dispersion costs.

Need Of Reserving Rainwater

  • To defeat the insufficiency of surface water to meet our requests.
  •  To capture a decrease in groundwater levels
  • To upgrade accessibility of groundwater at a particular place and time and use rainwater for manageable improvement.
  • To build penetration of rainwater in the subsoil this has diminished definitely in urban zones because of clearing of open region.
  • To enhance groundwater quality by weakening.
  • To expand agribusiness generation.
  • To enhance biology of the region by the increment in vegetation cover and so on.

Benefits

  • Putting away water underground is condition neighborly.
  • It builds the profitability of aquifer.
  • The aquifer fills in as a dispersion framework moreover.
  • It lessens surge risks.
  • Impacts ascend in groundwater levels.
  • Mitigates impacts of the dry season.

Methods and Techniques:

 

The methods of groundwater recharge mainly are:

 Urban AreasRooftop rainwater/storm runoff harvesting through 

(i) Recharge Pit

(ii) Recharge Trench

(iii) Tubewell

(iv) Recharge Well

RaincatcherDiagram

Rural Areas Rainwater harvesting through    

(i) Gully Plug

(ii) Contour Bund

(iii) Gabion Structure

(iv) Percolation Tank

(v) Check Dam/Cement Plug/Nala Bund

(vi) Recharge Shaft

(vii) Dugwell Recharge

(viii) Ground Water Dams/Subsurface Dyke

 

 

 

The hills of India has been always fascinating to us with its natural beauty and in order to sustain it, we have to safeguard this ecosystem. Water being one of the key players and also at the same time being a scarce resource, it’s very important to preserve it.

 Uttarakhand, situated in the western Himalayas, is a home for approx 10.32 Million as estimated in the year 2017 with an average increase of 0.04 Million in last 5 years. The natives here have to depend on fresh water from the small water tank and as per the rising population we have to practice alternate source for deriving fresh water and rainwater harvesting is the best option where people at minimum investment can get fresh water.

The rainwater can be stored in tanks and can be used for later. This technique is also very much useful in the case of irrigation during the period when rainfall is very low. Using this reserved water for harvesting will help in maintaining the proper line of production and help the farmers to maintain their income.

So, we must put into practice of utilizing the rainwater by reserving it for future use.

And we have only one thing to advise : 

                                       Do you harvest rainwater? If not, start today!

 

Slogans-on-Rainwater-Harvesting

 

 

 

BIODEGRADABLE PACKAGING

 

Untitled design

With the rise of global warming, it has been a concern for thinking about change in our behavior so that our planet can be sustained for future generation. As per the Central Pollution Control board approx 15,89,418  tons per annum plastic wastage has been accounted for in India. While the recycle rate is higher in India than the global average of 14%, there are still there are 61,000 tonnes of plastics which are either landfilled or end up in polluting the streams or groundwater resources. 

The society in which we are residing are of use and throw nature, hence it is very essential for using those materials which are eco-friendly and biodegradable packaging fits in the right gap to save nature. The more and more we use it, the more we are closure to the green earth with little wastage.

What characterizes biodegradable? This is an essential inquiry. There are unique attributes of biodegradable things which include:

  • They comprise of inexhaustible assets
  • Or on the other hand, they can be gathered straightforwardly from nature
  • In this way, they can totally deteriorate, with the guide of microorganisms, when set in a fertilizing the soil territory

Biodegradable Packaging is Plant-Based Like biodiesel fuel, biodegradable packaging is plant-based. The largest producer of this product created from resin — which is called PLA (polylactic acid). Plant-like corn, sugarcane, bamboo are used to produce biodegradable packings

It is trusted that there will be a developing interest for this corn-based biodegradable item, making the market develop in upcoming years

Kinds Of Biodegradable products are:

  • Biodegradable Bags
  • Foodservice things, for example, plate, dispensable cutlery, containers, carryout boxes and even gloves, cook’s garments and hairnets are currently being made with biodegradable materials. These items go in outline from shaped sugarcane and wheat fiber  formed plates, bowl, platters
  • Resins, of all the biodegradable items accessible, resins are maybe the most essential. Tars are materials that are utilized to make biodegradable packs, films, nourishment benefit things, and numerous different items. Most saps are softened and after that shaped into items, utilizing different techniques. A few resins are even reasonable for injections forming

 

BIOOO.jpg
Recycle and Reuse to the safeguard planet

 

Biodegradable packages are made from biopolymers are long chain compounds made up of long-chain molecule subunits eg starch, cellulose etc. These are biodegradable, eco-friendly and are sourced from natural resources.

Bioplastic can be made from various sources and materials:

  • Plant Oil
  • Cellulose
  • Corn Starch
  • Potato Starch
  • Sugarcane
  • Hemp (the cannabis plant) etc.

Biodegradable bioplastics

  • Starch-based plastics
  • Polylactic acid (PLA)
  • Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA)
  • Cellulosic Polymers

Bio Polybutylene Succinate (PBS)

  • Bio-based durable plastics
  • Bio-based polyurethane (PUR)
  • Bio-based Polyamides (PA)
  • Bio-based Polyethylene (Biobased PE)
  • Bio-based Polyethylene Terephthalate (Bio-PET)

 

Green Planet.jpg
Biodegradable Product = Green Planet

At present, bioplastics speak to around one percent of the around 300 million tons of plastic created yearly. In any case, as interest is rising and with more advanced materials, applications, and items developing, the market is now developing by around 20 to 100 percent for every year. As per the most recent market information ordered by European Bioplastics, worldwide generation limit of bioplastics is anticipated to fourfold in the medium term, from around 1.7 million tons in 2014 to roughly 7.8 million tons in 2019.

Drivers for the Bioplastics Market Growth in India

Various key drivers are quickening the development of the bioplastics advertise comprehensively. A large number of these are significant in the Indian setting as well.

  • Commands and controls
  • Expanding eco-mindfulness among customers
  • Corporates ending up more centered around maintainability
  • Innovation adjustment
  • Cost decrease

 

Bioplastics-website-Banner.png

The Benefits

Using plastics made with recovered, reused, or sustainable feedstocks can make cost aggressive, astounding items with a diminished ecological impression. Sustainable and recovered materials can be utilized to upgrade the style of plastics, giving a more common look and feel that can enhance item separation. These materials can likewise be utilized to enhance execution, including quality and expanding sturdiness of plastic parts, while bringing down assembling costs.

These materials can fundamentally expand the supportability of your item. Lessening the measure of non-inexhaustible feedstocks utilized in plastics can help the ecological impression of your item. Biocomposites made from agricultural byproducts can increase crop values for farmers and support rural communities without competing with food sources. Makers can diminish landfill squander and make significant new markets for mechanical results, similar to wood strands and recovered and reused plastic. Compostable plastics can urge buyers to additionally diminish landfill squander by returning materials back to nature as opposed to just discarding them.

So This is our Planet, Let’s Transform The World Together.

 

rethink.jpg

 

Agriculture, the lifeline of Indian economy

agriculture

The fastest developing country India is accountable for its major contribution to its economic development from the agriculture sector. It has been the primary source of living for 58% natives of the nation. Gross Value Added by agriculture, forestry, and fishing is estimated at Rs 17.67 trillion (US$ 274.23 billion) in FY18. Contrary to the popular narrative, agriculture has been transformed in the last 10 years. The second green revolution is underway.

In India the farming that is practiced is as below:

 Subsistence Farming:

It is a self-sufficient farming system in which the ranchers focus on growing sufficient food to feed themselves and their entire families. The output is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus trade.

 Shifting Agriculture: 

This process of farming is done by clearing a land by falling down the trees and burning the trunks and branches and after that cultivation is done on the field for next 2- 3 years and after that the land is

main-qimg-2bbc151d30035d940ca13616813a2b93

 left abandoned as it loses its fertility and ranchers move to another fertile land. Dry paddy, maize, millets, and vegetables are the crops commonly grown in this type of farming.

Plantation Agriculture: 

This practice was introduced by the British in the 19th Century. This practice of farming is known as bush or tree plantation. It is a single crop farming of rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, coconut and fruit crops like apples, grapes, oranges, etc. It is capital-intensive and demands good managerial ability, technical know-how, sophisticated machinery, fertilizers, irrigation, and transport facilities 

Intensive Farming: large_2D1qdrjl3KP5NDvsb_qvUuA7vXN95jlnlRUnxSlMix0

This type of farming involves the use of fertilizers and pesticides on a large-scale on the field where irrigation possibilities are present. In this the yield per square unit area of land is high

Dry Farming: 

This type of farming is practiced on land where irrigation is not very good. Here the land yielding per capacity of the square unit area is very low. The crop cultivated in this area are those which can withstand dry weather. Rajasthan, Gujrat, and Madhya Pradesh etc are some of its example states

Mixed Farming: 

In this type of farming multiple crops are grown simultaneously having a different maturing period. Crops are harvested as per maturity level. This types of crops are harvested in areas having a good amount of rainfall and facility of irrigation

Crop Rotation: 

This refers to the growing of number of Crops one after the other in a fixed rotation to maintain the fertility of the soil. The rotation of crops may be complete in a year in some of the areas while it may involve more than one year’s time is others.

Pulses or any leguminous crop is grown after the cereal crops. Legumes have the ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. Highly fertilizer-intensive crops like sugarcane or tobacco are rotated with cereal crops. The selection of crops for rotation depends upon the local soil conditions and the experience and the understanding of the farmers.

Sedentary Cultivation or Permanent Agriculture:kissan_1472836007

It is also known as settled cultivation. In it, farmers get settled at the place and practice continued use of land year after year with the variety of crops. In it, a permanent settlement of farmers exists. It is the normal system of agricultural practice found in almost every part of India.

Terrace Cultivation:

Where lands are of sloping nature, this type of cultivation is practiced especially in hilly areas. The hill and mountain slopes are cut to form terrace sand the land is used in the same way as in permanent agriculture. Since the availability of flat land is limited terraces are made to provide a small patch of level land. Soil erosion is also checked due to terrace formation on hill slopes.

On the name of Agriculture, we have very promising and best NGO in Uttarakhand named as SUVIDHA

SUVIDHA abbreviated as Society for the Upliftment of Villagers & Development of Himalayan Areas is a nonprofit, rural development and voluntary organization founded in the year 2004 which aims at eliminating poverty, unemployment, poor health and illiteracy for 60% of citizens who still live in the backward areas of the nation. With over 12 years of experience in managing government/private sector projects, Suvidha is well equipped with the manpower and expertise to deliver holistic solutions in the field of Agriculture, Rural Development, Women Empowerment, Education and Health

Suvidha have focused on the development of the sustainable agriculture and have set its flag of development in different parts of Uttarakhand.

Promotion of Diversified Organic Farming: Project carried out in Bageshwar, Uttarakhand, converted and certified 512.06 hc of land as organic SHG and FIG were formed along with Market Linkages Established

Saturation of Selected Block (SSB Phase 2)- Carried out in Pithorgarh of Uttarakhand, the project converted and certified 2016.6 hc of land as Organic SHG and FIGs are formed covering household of 6735 units.

Adoption and Certification Of Organic farming In this areas village of Pithoragarh, Almora, and Bageshwar, 900 hc land was certified Organic covering household of 650 units

Suvidha has been always trying to set the benchmark for the upliftment of the farmer’s livelihood through continuous training and education on emerging trend of harvesting in an organic way, women’s empowerment, eliminating poverty, integrated rural development activities and climate change and biodiversity management with support from government and private companies aid. 

To say the vision upon which Suvidha has started is “Striving to be the global leader for sustainable management of natural resources

 

 

By Shiban Deb

 

Substantial Agriculture

A few terms mock arrangements. “Reasonable horticulture” has turned out to be specific of them. Presently to make sense of the most straightforward term of practical agribusineOrange Overlay Blog Graphicss, it very well may be said to be the procedure of creations of nourishment, or other fiber or creature items utilizing cultivating systems that protect the earth, general wellbeing, human networks, and creature welfare. This example of agribusiness empowers to yield more beneficial sustenance without bargaining future age capacity to do as such.

Professionals of supportable agribusiness try to blend three fundamental goals in their work: A functioning and exuberant condition, financial favorable position, and social and monetary value. Each person who is in exchange of sustenance framework can assume a part in guaranteeing a feasible rural structure.

The essential advantage of Sustainable Agriculture are :

Since manageable horticulture implies non utilizing of harmful pesticides, manufactured fiber or hereditarily altered seeds that corrupts the dirt fruitfulness, water, and nature. By developing the act of developing plants through training like yield turn, preservation culturing and field-based domesticated animals cultivation. Consequently, this procedure helps in ensuring the bio decent variety and encourage the advancement and upkeep of sound biological systems.

As said no training should come to the detriment of human well-being so is sustenance preparations. Feasible harvest ranches keep away from the utilizing of unsafe pesticides, therefore, they advance preparations of more secure vegetation which is secure to human wellbeing.

Manageable agriculturists and farmers treat creatures with care and regard, actualizing domesticated animals cultivation hones that ensure creatures’ well-being and prosperity. By raising domesticated animals on the field, these ranchers empower their creatures to move openly, take part in instinctual practices, expend a characteristic eating regimen, and stay away from the pressure and sickness related with constrained.

Here are 6 Sustainable agribusiness rehearses

Organic101_SocialMedia_1a3Harvest Rotation: This training has been done from hundreds of years keeping in mind the end goal to unblemished soil ripeness and deplete its supplement altogether. Different harvests are seeded in various regions over various years so that succeeding yields restocks the supplements the previous one has removed from the horrid or tight clamp versa. The most acknowledged path is to seed grain trims after legumes. Legumes settle large amounts of nitrogen in the dirt, which the grains require a considerable measure of however are less ready to secure. Crop pivot likewise forestalls diseases. Leaving a field to go decrepit or planting a cover edit before the fundamental developed harvest is additionally astounding methods for saving the soundness of the dirt.

Product Diversity: While planting loads of various types of the plant is a brilliant strategy for supportable cultivating, it is a rarity indeed workable for business agriculturists who have a business opportunity for a specific yield. Be that as it may, by planting differing assortments of the one animal varieties, they can gather numerous advantages. Having various assortments makes the harvest more grounded as there is more hereditary decent variety.

Helpful Animals Product assorted variety is additionally an extraordinary method to control bother populaces. An assortment of plants will draw in a more extensive assortment of creepy crawlies and different animals, for example, winged creatures and bats, some of which will ideally originate before those that could harm crops. The utilization of normal predator-prey connections to control bugs additionally implies the further has no compelling reason to utilize synthetic pesticides (which can cause natural issues by running off the land into the water table and water bodies) thus setting aside some cash. The agriculturist can discharge populaces of useful creepy crawlies, for example, ladybugs and lacewings onto their yield to control bugs. On the other hand, they can plant the edges of fields with blossoms that will draw in creepy crawlies. Keeping or planting trees on the ranch will draw in flying creatures, as they are someplace to home, and bats, as the trees give some place to perch.

Overseen Grazing As it were, oversaw brushing could be viewed as likened to edit turn, just with creatures rather than plants. Basically, it includes moving animals to various fields so they can eat on various plants. This furnishes the creatures with a decent scope of supplements, yet in addition implies they are more averse to be presented to assemble ups of ailment or disease, which can happen in the event that they are kept on a similar field for quite a while. Moving domesticated animals between pastures are additionally useful for the dirt, as it isn’t compacted through unnecessary footfall (diminishing disintegration) and the compost deserted by the animals helps bolster fast regrowth of field plants.

Offer Locally One of the greatest reasons for ozone-depleting substances – and accordingly drivers of environmental change – is transportation in vehicles utilizing fuel got from non-renewable energy sources, and developing sustenance for utilization in different parts of the nation, or even globally, requires a ton of transportation. Offering sustenance in neighborhood markets lessens these emanations. There are numerous different advantages also. Sustenance sold locally needs less bundling, as it doesn’t have as long amongst reap and deal as nourishment developed for far-off business sectors.

Elective Energy A business agriculturist will have more prominent vitality needs than the smallholding permaculture cultivator, just because of the considerably bigger size of the land under development. Be that as it may, he can even now use elective, economical types of vitality to perform many capacities on the homestead, as opposed to depending on non-renewable energy source fuelled hardware. Vehicles can be changed over to keep running on biodiesel, which is fabricated shape cottonseed oil. Such a change ought to demonstrate monetarily useful over the long haul as biodiesel is for the most part less expensive than ordinary fuel. A breeze turbine can bridle vitality to drive electrical engines. Sunlight based power might be more advantageous. Introducing some sunlight based boards on the land can give vitality to warm water or structures, and give the power to control, for instance, electric fences or lighting.

 

By: Shiban Deb